Although many of the hummingbirds you see have different color patterns, you might assume they are all a part of the same family. However, there are nearly as many different types of hummingbirds as there are days of the year!
Hummingbirds are fast little creatures, flying here and there. We have been able to identify 356 unique species of the miniature bird with super-sonic wings and flamboyantly bright colors. Fifty-one of these incredible hummingbird species are listed as an endangered animal.
The most common types of hummingbirds include the Anna’s, Blue-Throated, Violet-Crowned, and Rufous, just to name a few. Most hummingbirds live in Central and South America, so if you grew up or live in one of these regions, you are more likely to have a familiarity with hummingbirds.
Here we have included photos of hummingbirds that are both common and considered endangered, with each one being more attractive than the next!
Reaching lengths of only 3-3.5 inches—and that’s the measurements for a mature adult—the Costa’s hummingbird is one of the smallest one out there. They migrate to cooler woodland habitats as soon as the heat of the summer takes hold. If the summer hasn’t visited yet, it spends its time in hot desert regions such as California and Arizona.
The bird is native to North America’s west coast, and it got its name from the Duchess of Rivoli, Anna Massena.
The Green-Crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
This type of hummingbird can be found from Costa Rica to western Ecuador. This hummingbird is one of the larger of the small birds, although not too large. Males weigh around 0.34 oz, and females weigh about 0.28 oz.
The Rufous Hummingbird
They have a very long, thin beak for scoring plenty of nectar. Before the winter storms roll in, these birds fly up to 2,000 miles during migration. This is one of the smaller types of hummingbirds, usually only about 8 centimeters in length.
Violet Sabrewing Hummingbird
When it comes to defending their territory, male violet sabrewing hummingbirds tend to be less violent or territorial than other hummingbirds, despite their size, because this is one of the largest of the breed.
Although the fiery-throated hummingbird is only middle-sized, it is considered dominant compared to most other species of the bird. You will only find this gorgeous hummingbird in Costa Rica’s mountains and the western Panama. Woodland clearings are another location this bird is known to frequent. Still, this is considered a common hummingbird that can be found in forest canopies above 1,400 meters.
Unspecified Breed of Hummingbird
Marvelous Spatuletail Hummingbird
This bird is unique because its tail only has four feathers. This bird gets its name from a bird collector that discovered this particular species back in 1835. In Peru, a 100-acre spread of land has been preserved for the birds to live in since 2006. Unfortunately, this beautiful bird is now considered an endangered species due to a consistent loss of their natural habitat and a relatively small population size to begin with.
The Wine-Throated Hummingbird
These hummingbirds prefer humidity and inhibit regions where dry, hot weather can be found including El Salvador, Guatemala, and many subtropical and tropical mountain forests. It is the male wine-throated hummingbirds that have exquisitely colored throats, while the females of this breed have plain throats.
These hummingbirds protect the flower beds where they find their food, which consist of mostly nectar, although small spiders and other insects make a healthy treat now and then too. The woodnymph is a medium-sized hummingbird that lives in Belize, Guatemala, northern Colombia, and western Venezuela.