One of the greatest natural marvels that never fails to take our breath away is the waterfalls.
The waterfalls or more commonly known as the falls, is described as a natural body of water that is distinguished by the water that flows over a vertical drop. Although we often find waterfalls in mountainous regions, they can also be found over the edge of an ice berg or a tabular ice shelf that is found in the colder areas of the world.
Known both for their breadth and depth, the waterfalls have continuously shown both the beauty and the power that Mother Nature possesses. And if you have plans of backpacking around the world, here are just some of the world’s most stunning waterfalls that you should definitely visit.
The Niagra Falls is one of the world’s most famous waterfalls on the planet. It is 3,950 feet wide and is widely known to be the falls with the largest volume of water traveling through it. Due to its size, the falls has three separate parts: American Falls, Bridal Veil Falls and the Horseshoe or the Canadian Falls.
Niagra Falls receives visitors amounting between 14-20 million annually and has also been the location of many daring and foolhardy feats. One such memorable feat is that done by Annie Edison Taylor who was credited as the first person to survive a trip over the Niagra Falls in a barrel.
Cascata delle Marmore Italy
Also known as the Marmore’s Falls, the Cascata Delle Marmore is surprisingly a man made falls that was created by the Ancient Romans. It measures 165 m in height making it one of the tallest waterfalls in the European continent. The falls also has three sections where the tallest one is 83 m high and is located at the top.
The falls is found more than 7 km away from Terni, the provincial capital of the Italian region of Umbria. Its water source is a portion of the Velino River. The water then pours into the valley below that is formed by the Nera river. The waters of this man made marvel is scheduled to statisfy the needs of both the tourist and the nearby power plant.
Located on the Congo River at the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Inga falls is a 3,000 ft wide waterfall that drops to a height of around 315 feet. The most impressive portion of this falls is that the water literally falls around 70 ft in one setting.
The Jog Falls is the creation of the Sharavathi River. It falls from a height of 253 m and is considered to be the highest waterfalls in India. Right before the rainy season the Jog Falls is easily recognized by a thin pair of streams trickling down the cliff. However, during the monsoon season, the Jog Falls comes to life and exceeds the Kaieteur Falls in Guyana in terms of both height and volume.
Angel Falls, Venezuela
Located at the Canaima National Park in the Gran Sabana are of Venezuela, Angels Falls is known as the world’s tallest waterfall. Getting its source from the River Kerep, the Angels falls plunges to a height of 3,212 ft. It is recommended that the Angel Falls is best viewed between June and December where the waterfall and the river are at their fullest.
Cummins Falls Tennessee
The Cummins Falls is known as the largest privately owned waterfalls in the state of Tennessee. Located at the Blackburn Fork Creek, Jackson County, Tennessee, the falls stands at 75 ft tall and is also the 8th largest waterfall in the state in terms of magnitude of the water.
The famous Victoria Falls is located on the Zambebi River in Zimbabwe. It is a 5,600 ft wide waterfall that drops into a height of 344 ft made of lateral volcanic dikes. When the water falls into the gorge, mist and spray can rise up to more than 100 ft in the air. The falls is divided into four segments that are separated by two islands that resulted in four distinct falls with the names: Devil’s Cataract, Main Falls, Rainbow Falls and Eastern Cataract.
Despite the fact that the Vermillion Falls drops only from a height of 15 to 20 ft, it is considered as the 6th biggest waterfall in the world. It spans 6,000 ft across and is located along the Peace River in Northern, Alberta, Canada.
Cataratas del Iguazo
The Cataratas del Iguazo or more commonly known as the Iguazo Falls is an 8,800 ft wide waterfall with a mind boggling drop of 269 ft. The most part of the river falls into an area known as the Garganta del Diablo or the Devil’s Throat which eventually spreads out over a wide, flat shelf splitting further into hundreds of individual falls.
The falls vary greatly in volume depending on how much rain has fallen.
What makes this waterfall unique is the fact that it flows from a 50,000 year old glacier.
Known as third world’s largest waterfalls, the Chutes Kongou falls is also known as the Kongou Falls. It is 10,500 ft wide and is roughly 185 ft tall. It forms part of the Ivindo River in Gabon and is one of the world’s most powerful waterfalls in the world. It roughly contains 31,800 cubic ft of water.
These half moon shaped falls is located on the Rio Caura in the Bolivar region of Venezuela. The Salto Para or the Para Falls is 18,400 ft wide and has an estimated drop of almost 200 ft.
Fulmer Falls, Pennsylvania
Fulmer Falls is the second waterfall located in the George W. Childs Recreation Site in Dingmans Ferry, Pike County, Pennsylvania. The falls is about 17 m in high and are downstream from Factory Falls and upstream from Deer Leap Falls.
Chutes de Khone Falls
Also known as the Khone Falls, the Chutes de Kone is the largest waterfall in the world. It is 35, 376 ft wide and has an estimated drop of 69 ft. The falls form part of the Mekong River in Laos and the has over seven large channels and different rapids and falls. The most defined part of the waterfall is a 45 ft drop with a 60 degree angle.
Saltos del Mocono
The Saltos del Mocono is part of the River Uruguay in Argentina. It is considered as one of the most unique large river water falls. It is 6,775 ft wide and has an estimated drop of 6,000 ft. This semi circle waterfall falls between parts of Argentina and Brazil.