Landmarks play a significant role for the places they represent. They serve as a distinct feature of every area. Landmark is so important in a way that just by the mention of its name, you can easily associate it to the place where it is located.
But aside from being just a mere representation of a locality, landmarks also reveal much about the culture and history of where they can be found. Whether man-made or natural, these landmarks are made popular by tourists visiting them from time to time.
Here are ten most popular landmarks in the world.
10. Sydney Opera House, Australia
Sydney Opera House is the most recognizable icon of Australia. It hosts more than 1,500 performances every year, making it one of the busiest art centers in the world. It houses a concert hall that can sit 2,700 people, a drama theater, a playhouse, a fore court, and a studio.
With 7 million people visiting this landmark annually, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is a focal point of Sydney. It was designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon and was constructed for fifteen years, starting in 1957 through 1973. The white shell-shaped sails design roof makes it an architectural icon.
9. Golden Gate Bridge, California
The Golden Gate bridge, which is a suspension bridge that connects San Francisco Bay and the Marin County of North California, is the most recognizable landmark of California. The bridge opened in the year 1937 and has since remained the longest suspension bridge in the world. It took four years for its construction to be completed. The color used to paint the bridge is called the “international orange.” The two main cables are made up of 2,700 strands of wire. More than 40 million vehicles pass through this bridge every year. It is also one of the most photographed bridges in the world.
8. Stonehenge, England
This prehistoric monument in Salisbury, England, consists of a number of standing stones and hundreds of burial mounds. It is estimated to be built between 3000 BC and 2000 BC, with the methods used for bringing huge stones and the purpose why they were gathered being kept as a mystery to many archaeologists. Two types of stones are used for its construction: the sarsen and the blue stones. The site is also aligned with midwinter and midsummer sunsets.
Today, the Stonehenge is protected and managed by the national trust and English heritage of the country.
7. Big Ben, England
Big Ben is actually a huge bell of clock in the Westminster Palace in London. It is the world’s largest chiming clock with four faces and is the third-tallest standing clock tower in the world. Named after its designer, architect Benjamin Hall, the 316-foot-high clock tower is a prominent attraction in the United Kingdom. It was built between 1848 and 1853 and was used as a broadcast system informing the whole world that the country had not been defeated in the war.
6. Colosseum, Rome
The Colosseum is the largest ampitheater in the world. It stands as the most popular tourist attraction in Rome. Built in 70 AD by the Vespasian Empire, the Colosseum was used for hosting gladiator contests, animal hunts, and dramas. Gladiatorial fights took place in Colosseum until 435 AD. It can accommodate 50,000 viewers at a time and has eighty entrances at different sections. The damages seen in the Colosseum today are caused by the earthquakes that occurred in 847 AD and 1231 AD.
5. Eiffel Tower, Paris
This very recognizable structure in the world is located in the capital city of France, Paris. It was named after the engineer behind its construction, Gustave Eiffel. The 324-meter-tall structure opened in 1889. For the next forty-one years, it remained as the tallest building in the world. There are 1,665 steps toward the top, from where you can see the beauty of the entire city. It is visited by roughly seven million people each year.
4. Taj Mahal, India
The most popular historical monument of India, the Taj Mahal is located in the city of Agra. Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal was constructed using Mughal, Islamic, Persian, Ottoman, Turkish, and Indian architectural styles. It took seventeen years for the monument to be constructed. It is listed as one of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites. Twenty-eight different types of precious stones are laid in the tomb of Taj Mahal and feature different coloring at different time period during the day.
3. Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
The Pyramids of Giza are the oldest and largest pyramids in the world. It is also one of the magnificent man-made structures in the world and were built as a tomb for ancient Egyptian king Khufu. These royal tombs reflect the power and wealth of ancient civilization in Egypt. It has a height of 481 feet and was built back in 2560 BC. It used 2.3 million blocks of stones for its construction. The second and middle pyramid in Giza was built for King Khufu‘s son Khafre. The Great Sphinx was built as a part of it.
2. Great Wall of China
The Wall of China is one of the seven wonders of the medieval world and remains a popular tourist attraction in China. Stretching around 6,300 kilometers, it is the longest man-made structure in the world. The construction of the first part of the wall started in the seventh century under Emperor Qin Shi Huang. Other parts were added by the emperors that followed in later time. Stones, bricks, tampered earth, and wood were used for the construction of the Great Wall. More than a million people lost their lives during its construction, thus it has also been dubbed as the longest cemetery in the world.
1.Statue of Liberty, New York, United States
Recognized as a symbol of freedom, the Statue of Liberty located in Manhattan, New York City, was a gift from the people of France to the United States.The statue represents the Roman goddess of freedom and commemorates the declaration of American independence. It was designed by French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and was turned over to the United States on October 28, 1886. The statue is actually made up of copper but now appears green due to oxidation. Approximately, 4 million tourists visit the Statue of Liberty every year.
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