Scientists have contributed much to discovering more about the world we live in and beyond. And they continue to discover more! Here are some of these great scientists whom you might have to thank when you spot them walking down the same street with you.
Roger Penrose helped further the enlightenment of the universe, general relativity, and the cosmos. Recently, he proposed an earlier earth that existed before the Big Bang and probable answers to how consciousness can rise from inanimate matter.
Best known for his work on quantum entanglement, Alain Aspect states that this physical phenomenon has two particles that can behave in such a way that their quantum activity cannot be independently observed. From this fundamental principles, other behaviors can be induced such as size, position, velocity, spin, etc.
K. Eric Drexler
K. Eric Drexler, the Father of Nanotechnology, made popular the possibilities of some reality at the nanoscale. He began his major work in the field in 80s and published a landmark book in 1992. We can only thank Drexler for the improvements provided by nanotechnology.
Charles Townes is acclaimed for his work on the maser, which he made with the help of Nikolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov. The maser can create microwaves using photons that excite atoms at low energy and has been used to successfully produce high-powered radiation. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 for his work.
Together with Konstantin Novelosov, Andre Geim worked on graphene, an ultra-fine, ultra-strong material that can radically change the material sciences. Geim and Novelosov were awarded the Nobel Prize in 2010.
Danish physicist Lene Hau has spectacularly worked in transferring light to matter and back again, a process that essentially contributed to quantum computing and encryption.
Peter Higgs is best known for pioneering work with elementary and sub-atomic particles, like the W and Z bosons.
Edward Witten is best known for his work in string theory, quantum gravity, and quantum field theory, with the last two attempting to reconcile quantum theory and the theory of relativity. Because of his contributions, Witten is considered one of the most important physicists today.
Margaret J Geller
Astrophysicist and cosmologist Margaret J Geller developed the first systematic way to measure the interior structures of galactic clusters. She drafted a detailed star map and figured out how galaxies interact with their environment.
Nathan Seiberg is known for his contributions to the field of string theory, which claims that the particles of space are actually strings interacting and influencing each other and which gives rise to physical phenomena.
Honored as the Queen of Carbon Science, Mildred Dresselhaus is credited for her investigative work on energy transference in microscopic structures like nanotubes and nanostructures.
Steve Weinberg is the foremost theoretical physicist of the modern times for his studies on weak force and electromagnetism.
Jeremiah P. Ostriker
Jeremiah P. Ostriker has made great strides with his study of dark matter. He proposed that the universe is visible but remains invisible to the human eye, yet it still exists. His work has contributed to other fields of study, like the interstellar mediums and black holes.
Tsung-Dao Lee won the Nobel Prize in 1957 for his work on parity violation, an anomaly that occurs in subatomic particles in weak interactions. Parity transformation happens when a charge flips to its mirror image in strong interactions. When the equivalence is violated, identity change happens.
Stephen Hawking has been as famed and celebrated as the new Einstein after making groundbreaking achievements in quantum theory. He, together with Roger Penrose, developed the Penrose-Hawking Singularity that explained the Big Bang Theory. He also made a theory that black holes emit energy, instead of an energy of zero.