This great planet is filled with many beautiful planets. Some are familiar to us because we’ve seen them during our childhood trips to the zoo or have seen them on the TV or in school books. Other animals, however, are so rare that their names don’t ring a bell in our ears. Or, you may have heard them but as critically endangered animals. That’s why it’s high time you get to know the rarest animals in the world before it’s too late.
Tarsiers have found a home in the islands of Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Borneo, and the Philippines. These little primates grown only to a maximum height of 4-6 inches although their hind legs are twice longer than their torso. Their eyes are as big as their brains. They are the only primates who feed completely on insects. Tarsiers are classified as critically endangered and will likely to be on that list for some time.
You might guess this animal to be a giraffe or a zebra or a combination of both. But it’s actually an Okapi. Ever heard of it? Over the years, there has been many reports on the Okapis’ origin. Some say the animals could be traced back to ancient Egypt. Europe and Africa claims that the legendary “African unicorn” is the Okapi itself. A type of donkey in the Congo named an “Atti” is also thought to be the Okapi. To date, there are about 10,000 – 20,000 living Okapis in the wild. But the fact that they are getting fewer and fewer makes them a part of the list.
Sao Tome Shrew
The Sao Tome shrew goes to the list of Criticially Endangered animals for two reasons: there are only a few left of its kind, and their habitat is progressively declining. The animal could only be found in a small island in the Atlantic Ocean. These little shrew are only about 3 inches long, and have white teeth and light bellies.
The Red Wolf, which was actually considered to be extinct in the wild in 1980, is a cousin to the Gray Wolf. Fortunately, about 20 Red wolves were still in captivity. From that meager number, wildlife conservationists increased that number to 207. Today, there are about 100 living in the wild. However, they are still endangered today due to the depletion of their hunting ground. The good news is there are wildlife preserves that allow these wolves to live in their natural habitat.
Northern Hairy-Nosed Wombat
Thie cute creature is deemed to be one of the rarest large mammals in the world, thus they are on the Critically Endangered list. It grows as long as 39 inches and is a shade larger than normal wombats. Although they breed faster, they still maintain that Critically Endangered status. Wombats are has poor vision. Currently, there are only about 130 Northern Hairy-Nosed Wombats inhabitin a 750 acre space in Epping Forest in Queensland and in a predator-protected refuge in St. George.
Seychelles Sheath-Tailed Bat
This sac-winged and sheath-tailed bats can be found in the Seychelles islands in northern Madagascar. The used to be abundant in number but has now gone extinct in most of the islands. They live in harem colonies, and have a high reproductive potential. On a sad note, they are very sensitive to habitat changes, and because of their need to roost in several different locations within a habitat, their survival has not been overly successful. Currently, there are less than 100 Seychelles Sheath-Tailed Bats across the world.
The Javan Rhino is one of five living rhinoceros types, but this type is smaller. They used to be abundant in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, but are now on the Critically Endangered list. There are only about sixty living in the wild now. One of the biggest cause why Javan Rhinos are almost on extinction is the Vietnam War which severely depleted its natural habitat.
Golden Tabby Tiger
This type of rare tiger, which is sometimes called the Strawberry Tiger, can only found in captivity. Their coloring resulted from recessive gene. Of Bengal parentage, with generally Amur tiger in their lineage as well, this tiger has been in existence as far back as the early 1900. They mostly are adapted to areas with a heavy concentration of clay in the soil. There are less than 30 known Golden Tigers in existence now.
Yangtze River Dolphin (Baiji)
For everybody’s information, the Baiji is NOT the Chinese White Dolphin. This rare animal has become “functionally extinct” because of China’s industrialization. In 2006, researchers could not find any of these middle size dolphins, but in August of 2007 a Chinese photographer captured an image of what might be a Baiji. The number of Yangtze River Dolphins left in the world are anywhere between 0 to 13.
Pinta Island Tortoise
In 2012, the Pinta Island Tortoise has been reduced to one lone survivor – Lonesome George. He, sad to say, died on June 24, 2012, leaving no other survivor. A Galapagos tortoise, George has been on many posters advocating conservation efforts in the Galapagos Islands. George lived to be about 100 years old but never found a mate in his entire lifetime. Although it has been reported that a $10000 reward was to be given to anyone who finds a female mate for George, there are still doubts that George is the last Pinta Island Tortoise in the world.
Find out more of these elusive and nearly extinct species in the wild