The Earth is one of the Solar System’s planets that are abundant in natural resources.
Many of these resources can be found from the sky down to the last bit of matter found on the bottom of the ocean. However, several of the world’s life giving resources are found miles deep into the heart of the Earth. Although some minerals can be mined naturally due to natural hole formations found on land, some are the product of human mining.
Below are just some of the world’s most mind blowing natural and man made holes that can be seen around the world.
Darvaza Gas Crater (Turkmenistan)
This particular hole full of poisonous gas was discovered by geologists in 1971 while excavating a hole to tap a massive underground deposit of natural gas. However, during the excavation, the drilling rig collapsing resulting in a massive hole. To prevent the gas from escaping they allowed the hole to be burn, which continues to do so until today.
Kimberley Diamond Mine (South Africa)
The Kimberley Diamond Mine is reputedly the largest hand dug hole in the world. Since 1866 to 1914, a total of 50,000 miners had dug a hole with the use of picks and shovels that yielded 2,722 kgs of diamonds. It is currently in the process of being listed as a world heritage site.
Udachnaya Pipe (Russia)
This Russian diamond mine was first discovered in 1955 and was, as the name suggests used to mine diamonds. The owners of the mine had ceased its operations of mining diamonds last 2010 which resulted in the creation of this 600 meter deep hole.
Bingham Canyon Mine (United States of America)
This copper mine is loctaed in the Oquirrh Mountains of Utah. It currently holds the record of the world’s largest man made excavation with measurements of 1.2 km deep and 4 km wide.
Mirny Diamond Mine (Siberia)
The Mirny Diamon Mine is regarded as the first and one of the largest diamond pipes in the former USSR. It is 525 meters deep and 1,200 meters wide. When it was still operating, it took two hours for trucks to drive from the top to the bottom of the mine.
Monticello Dam (United States of America)
The Montecillo Dam is located at Napa County, California. It is a hole that is widely recognized for its large, circular spillway that has a rate of 48,400 cubic feet per second.
Diavik Mine (Canada)
Located at the Northwest Territories of Canada, the Diavik Mine is one of the largest producers of diamonds in the world. The mine, which was opened in 2003 has produced a total of 8 million carats of diamonds or about 1,600 kg of diamond every year.
This 300 ft deep sinkhole was first seen in 2007. The sinkhole has swallowed a dozen homes which resulted in the death of 2 people and caused the evacuation of a thousand residents. The sinkhole was created due to rains and an underground sewage flow.
This open pit copper mine is located in the country of Chile. It is widely recognized with having the largest total production of copper in the world. The Chuquicamata is over 850 meters deep.
Great Blue Hole (Belize)
The Great Blue Hole is an underwater sinkhole that is 1,000 feet across and 400 feet deep. This underwater sinkhole was formerly formed as a limestone cave during the last Ice Age.
Watch the video below