20 Rarest Breeds of Dogs Used as Pets


Dogs come with unique features. Others trace their origins back to some far-off locales. These dog breeds, however, are quite rare that even the American Kennel Club has not even acknowledged them. Let’s find out which dogs are on the list.

Tibetan Mastiff

Huge in size and noble in bearing, the Tibetan mastiff is known for a “solemn but kind expression.” It has an awesome double coat too. The Tibetan mastiff makes an excellent guardian for homes since they are aloof, watchful, and independent, but they never do well in organized activities as they are not obedient and might be reluctant to participate.


Swedish Vallhund

Swedish Vallhunds are athletic, obedient, and agile dogs. Traditionally bred as farm dogs, they can track, herd, and flyball. The “small, powerful, fearless” breed comes in various colors and in various tail lengths as well, from bob tail to a full-curl tail.

Bedlington Terrier

The Bedlington terrier is quite similar to a lamb as it has curly and pale-colored wool coat. They are athletic, and for once in their dog life, they were used for racing and catching vermin. It has a graceful build that makes it faster and enduring.

Finnish Spitz

The Finnish spitz has similarities with a fox. It features erect ears, a dense coat, and a bushy tail. The Finnish spitz is also known for their smart expression and for their fleet-footed movement. They appear in colors of pale honey to deep auburn.


Otterhounds are very capable in the water. They have webbed feet and a rough, double coat, which is a great advantage for their hunting skills. Aside from excelling in hunting, otterhounds make excellent pets too. Just don’t get annoyed when they start to become inquisitive and boisterous.

Norwegian Lundehund

The Norwegian Lundehund is a breed like no other. This dog has six toes on each foot. It can control its pointed ears and can even tip them backward to touch their backbone. Due to its unique build, they are a great help to Puffin hunters, yet they can also be amiable pets.


Chinook is an Inuit word that means “warm winter winds.” And with their double coats, Chinooks have no worries finding comfort in the cold. They originated in New Hampshire and were bred for drafting and sled-dog racing.

Catahoula Leopard Dog

The Catahoula leopard dog is believed to be the first dog to be bred in the United States. They can either be multicolored or spotted. It got its name from the Catahoula Parish in Louisiana and was generally used to hunt wild boar.

Peruvian Inca Orchid

Since its beginnings in AD 750, the Peruvian Inca Orchid has been an uncommon yet treasured pet. Agile, smart, and swift, the breed is good at hunting and lure coursing. It’s most notable quality, though, is its hairless body, with skin that appears in many colors.

Thai Ridgeback

Lately, the Thai ridgeback, which was only known in its country of origin, has become known throughout other parts of the world.  Its unique feature is its ridge of hair that runs along its back, growing in the opposite direction of its coat.


These West African sight hounds are excellent home companions and guardians since they are very fierce and protective. They are extremely intelligent lure courser. Elegant in build and featured with a short coat, these dogs come in various colors and markings.

Lagotto Romagnolo

Coming from the Romagna subregion of Italy, the Lagotto Romagnolo was used as a lake dog and a gun dog. What interests this breed, though, is truffle hunting.


Mudis are hunting dogs from Hungary that are as active as they are versatile. They make exceptional hunters, rodent exterminators, and herd and flock guardian. As pets, Mudis are not as moody as you think. In fact, they are happy dogs who likes taking long walks or jogs with their human. This breed would also appreciate spacious areas for them to run free.


The Stabyhoun originated from Friesland, a province in the Netherlands. Presently, there are maybe fewer than 4,000 that still exist. They make ideal companions for hunting, guard dogs, and great at catching vermin.

Karelian Bear Dog

The Karelian bear dog is one of the top ten most common breeds in Finland, its home country. They were originally used for hunting. They have quick reflexes and a fearless nature that they make good watchdogs. They are still popular with big-game hunters.

Carolina Dog

Carolina dogs started out as a wild and free roaming dog. They are otherwise known as the American Dingo. The breed was first discovered in the cypress swamps of the southeastern United States in the 1970s and is now bred in captivity.

New Guinea Singing Dog

This breed is known for its unique vocalization, hence dubbed as the singing dog. This dog used to be a wild breed but has been tamed to be an excellent companion. They are intelligent and has unique physical abilities.


The Catalburun is one of the dogs in the world with a split nose and suspended ears, possibly because of severe inbreeding due to their rarity. They were originally bred for hunting in Turkey.

Fila Brasileiro

The origins of the Fila Brasileiro is believed to be linked with that of the mastiff and bloodhound, which explains its large bones, loose skin, and smooth coat. They work best as trackers and can sometimes be aggressive.


Originally bred by the indigenous people of Orang Asli to catch mice and rodents, the Telomian is the only known Malaysian breed to live elsewhere. The Orang Asli used to build their homes on stilts to keep dangerous animals away, thus Telomians have developed an unusual climbing ability.

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